Weight loss surgery is a serious surgical procedure that decreases the size of the stomach, reduces food intake and can enable you to lose a significant amount of weight.
Weight loss surgery can change just about every aspect of your life. It’s for these people with severe weight problems and obesity that weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery is really a boon. This surgery includes a large amount of procedures; weight loss is either achieved by reduction of the size of the stomach by inserting a gastric band or by removing certain sections of the stomach. It is a major surgery and lots of things have to considered before you decide to opt for one.
Learn about the different types of bariatric surgery, risks and benefits of each procedure, and also the most common side effects and changes that patients undergo after surgery.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery, Lap-Band surgery and also the gastric sleeve procedure are the three most widely practiced types of weight loss surgery.
During gastric bypass surgery, the weight loss surgeon staples small, upper part of the stomach, separating it in the rest of the stomach. The net outcome is that the amount of food you can eat is reduced. The little intestine is rerouted and attached to the smaller stomach pouch.
In Lap-Band surgery, choices places a silicone rubber band around the top of your stomach; this creates a very small stomach pouch. When you eat, you feel full very quickly. Food slowly flows in the smaller pouch into the lower part of the stomach after which into the rest of the digestive tract.
Side effects and complications
Having a surgery like this, there are bound to be complications. There’s a chance of infection when it is not laparoscopic and since the size of the stomach is reduced, the body may have trouble ingesting vitamins and minerals. There are also chances of the patient developing blood clots within the lungs and the legs. But if you choose regular checkups, the physician will monitor your nutrient levels and set you on a proper diet.
Before you undergo gastric sleeve surgery, your health care provider will perform a physical exam and blood tests to find out your current health. Nutritional counseling will help get you prepared for the necessary dietary changes you will have to implement after the procedure. If you smoke, your doctor will need you to stop smoking several weeks beforehand. Smoking will decelerate your healing time and may cause other health issues after surgery. Additionally you may need to stop taking ibuprofen, aspirin, and blood-thinning drugs before surgery. After midnight on the eve of your surgery, you shouldn’t drink or eat anything.
Becoming an invasive procedure, weight loss surgery has certain risks associated with it, probably the most common ones are abdominal bleeding, infections, staple leakage, respiratory failure, pulmonary problems and some other issues. However, with medical advancement and much more experienced surgeons, the probability of these types of complications has been dwindled down to a single digit.
- The elimination of the portion of the stomach that creates a hormone that stimulates hunger
- The removal of “dumping syndrome
- A stomach that’s reduced in volume but has a tendency to function normally so most food items can be consumed, albeit in a small amount. It also allows normal absorption on most medications, unlike gastric bypass
- A minimization of the chance of ulcers occurring
- A reduced chance of intestinal blockage, anemia, osteoporosis, protein deficiency and vitamin deficiency
- An attractive option for people with existing anemia, Crohn’s disease and numerous other conditions which make them too high risk for intestinal bypass procedures or procedures that need implants (such as gastric banding)